Even if the thermal insulation structures for many years, the value of the protection, however, if well-designed, doing internal and external factors is protected correctly. Internal and external factors of structures in the correct format for protection;isolation can be provided with. The main objective of the isolation system; building components and load-bearing system by protecting from external factors;for the purpose of use health and comfort conditions in terms of doing. Creation of comfortable living conditions within the building on human health is how important it is for the protection against external factors of the structure; We live in, we expect it to be a solid and long-lasting structures for the same importance.
THERMAL INSULATION IN BUILDINGS
On the primary energy source in the world due to the depletion of all countries, especially developed countries, energy use and energy needs under control methods. In our country; at first, including the industrial and residential sectors, energy consumption is increasing with each passing year. A large portion of the energy used in houses for heating and cooling is consumed as well. This energy is in question; the use of thermal insulation can be achieved with active. Building envelope, separating from the external environment internal environment of the building components. Walls, Windows, doors, flooring, ceiling and roof the building envelope. In General; two different temperature environment (outside air – experienced premises) in order to reduce the heat transfer between heat insulation to the procedure is called.
The walls are
Energy efficient walls and losing heat to fill columns, beams, lintels, beams, etc. should be done all the carrier walls heat insulation. Insulating the walls from the inside out (because of the Interior of the wall) or externally (external wall because of). To do this, various heat insulation materials and details.
The Windows are
The most important feature in terms of heat loss in Windows, heat permeability coefficient. (U value).In buildings will be used as the Windows are heat permeability coefficients must be in accordance with TS 825. Control of heat gains and cooling load is used in Windows to solar energy transmittance of glass must be taken into account. Windows, in the winter, it should improve the entry of the sun into the scene, should decrease in the summer. To do this, Windows systems, double glazed, low-e coated double glass, solar control coated glass with insulated frames should be used.
Ceiling/roof and flooring
After the walls and Windows in buildings up to heat loss/gain of partitions, ceiling/roof and flooring.Interested in this section who lost their roof heat use case, slope, construction, floor pavement type, the application materials in load-carrying capacity and so on factors in consideration of thermal insulation should be done. To this end, roof and floor is designed according to the different details in various heat insulation materials can be applied.
Thermal insulation materials; reduction of heat loss and gain in low thickness used in energy-saving high thermal resistance produced to provide custom products. The most basic feature of heat insulation materials thermal conductivity coefficient (λ) is lower. Below is used in building insulationmaterials and product standards, these materials.
I Lick The Heat Supplies Product S tandardı
• Fiberglass, TS 901-1 EN 13162
• Mineral fiber, TS 901-1 EN 13162
• Ekspande expanded polystyrene (EPS), TS 7316 EN 13163
• Extruded cereal flour Polystyrene (XPS), TS 11989 EN 13164
• Polyurethane (PUR), TS EN 13165
• Phenol Foam, TS EN 13166
• Glass bubble, TS EN 13167
• Wood wool Slabs, TS EN 13168
• Expanded perlite (EMU), TS EN 13169
• Expanded Cork (ICB), TS EN 13170
• Wooden Fro Sheets, TS EN 13171
Figure-1 thermal insulation applications
With the implementation of thermal insulation in buildings
• The reduction of the amount of fuel consumed for heating and cooling,
• Reduced Air impu spindle,
• As a result of the formation of a healthy and comfortable environment, a reduction in health care costs,
• Prevent corrosion as a result of condensation Build components for the protection of the building.
Energy efficiency in buildings for heating, cooling or heat insulation of hot water is required. This can be used in various heat insulation materials. This is also for energy efficiency; efficient heating and cooling systems should be preferred and automatic control technologies be utilized. Plumbing Heat Insulation; in General, the hotline is cold heat loss in lines need to be taken to prevent heat gain is described as measures. Installation insulation and energy loss or gain, due to condensation corrosion of the pipes that make up the line. This condensation; thermal insulation is not performed or inadequate if it is done on the surface or the vapour diffusion resistance coefficient of heat insulation materials (μ) in the event that there are insufficient safeguards are ignored in the insulation materials. Installation materials used in insulation and materials product standards are given below.
Heat Insulation Materials Product Standard
• Fiberglass, TS 7232, prEN 14303
• Mineral fiber, TS 7232, prEN 14303
• Elastomeric Rubber (FAS) prEN 14304
• Glass (CG) prEN 14305
• Calcium silicate (CS) prEN 14306
• Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) prEN 14307
• Polyurethane (PUR/PIR) prEN 14308
• Ekspande expanded polystyrene (EPS), prEN 14309
• Polyethylene Foam (PEF), prEN 14313
• Phenolic Foam prEN 14314
From design, to implementation is a specialty with all aspects the main elements of the “correct detail” insulation, “qualified material” and “healthy”.
Marked as TS energy in buildings about 825 “Heat in buildings Yal ı my rules” standard; 29 April 1998 revised Advisory has been published. Then the standard 14 June 1999 and to be published in the official journal and 23725 this standard was prepared in parallel to the “regulation on the thermal insulation in buildings”, 08 May 2000 with be included in the official TS 24043 825 standard 14 June 2000, entered into force as from the implementation of the mandatory standard. building after June 14, 2000; This standard shall comply with the conditions and regulations.
August 12, 2001, and was published with the official 24491 “regulation on the procedures and principles of Building Control Application” thermal insulation applications with control, the Yapi structure inspection Institutions.
Source: İzoder, izoder.org.tr