Waterproofing Materials are materials that provide basic water impermeability. Waterproofing subject and materials used in waterproofing, they are grouped under three separate headings.
Overall ensure ease of manufacture during the manufacture of concrete elements, to improve the quality of the concrete, ensure the provision of the required properties and water resistance you can use with powder or liquid structure of our water supply with the use of the contribution of the state at chemical structure and effect of the whole of reducing applications. Water / cement ratio decreases by reducing the capillary voids in the concrete, in which the capillary clogging the gaps and so on.concrete additives and joint function with materials fall into this group.
Grouting material applied to the outer surface of polyethylene or hypalon Waterstops used to prevent water from entering the expansion or construction joints in the concrete. They work with a way to extend the principle to go in the water to stop or concrete.
grouting material applied to the body of Concrete sealant which swells with water and water-retaining bands or profiles to prevent the passage of the expansion or construction joints in the concrete from the outer surface of the water. They work with a way to extend the principle to go in the water to stop or concrete.
Grouting material applied to the inner surface: the inner surface hypalon Waterstops used to prevent water from passing through the expansion or construction joints in the concrete. They operate on the principle of stopping water Studies, increased significantly with the number of air pollution-intensive areas that experienced pulmonologists show that happened. Air pollution due to shortness of breath, asthma, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infection detection rate and respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, is directly increasing. The most important health effects of air pollution is seen in the long term. Experts give the first row of air pollution are among the predisposing factors of lung cancer. In addition, air pollution and cardiovascular disease, which leads to the stomach and intestinal diseases, as well as kidney and brain adversely affects frequently highlighted by experts.
Water between the building envelope and the external environment can be found in the water are a set of transactions to create an impermeable layer. For this purpose, special waterproofing materials used waterproof.
Waterproofing of structures made with the implementation of the right waterproofing the regions can enter the water. The water came from the side of the waterproofing application, that made the outside of the structure should be the first choice.
Basically it will be the first step in the application; tested the soil investigation and, if ground water is to determine the possible effects of these waters. After the preliminary studies carried out, whenever possible horizontal lean concrete is poured to be larger than the total area of the building and waterproofing layer is applied on it. The building is built on the water, insulation and vertical walls to the base of the water level that may affect the waterproofing is applied. Lean concrete with waterproofing done on the vertical walls made waterproof by overlapping the building would have been outside bundling. In cases where a wider opening of the building from the foundation pit seating area created a concrete bowl that sits on top of the structure. This water bowl is made by the internal and building insulation is put into this dish. Applications, removal of the water can not pass through the insulation structure for drainage in the lower level of waterproofing (evacuation) is completed with the making.
Heat and waterproofing solutions for roof must be compatible with each other. Current thermal insulation in roof applications, as well as energy saving, condensation (sweating) while preventing the application of waterproofing a whole, preventing damage to the structure of the rainfalls.Waterproofing of sloping roof, the roof waterproofing membranes laid under you day or ultra-violet rays as roofing is made using durable waterproofing materials. Insulation wand-free water, creeks and storm water drainage (discharge) pipe removed from the structure by means of the application is completed. In the flat roof for guiding the water, before the concrete is poured into a slope. Specialist firms made depending on the determination of water and heat insulation applications yapılır.süzgeç and stormwater drainage (evacuation) is removed from the structure with water pipes.
Basically, water is called waterproofing materials that provide the materials impermeable. The materials used in waterproofing, according to the usage and characteristics are grouped under three headings.
I. Waterproofing Membranes
-Bitüml Of covers: Covers Oxidized bitumen, polymer bitumen Covers (APP / SBS-doped)
-Synthetic Covers: PVC, EPDM, TPO, ECB / ECO, etc.
II. Sliding-Based Materials
-Cement based materials
-Plant Based materials
-Poliüret That based materials
III. Structural Waterproofing Materials
Waterproofing materials; purpose by region and will be implemented; The water pressure in the atmosphere, soil structure, the structure is expected to move the product to the potential burden on future should be selected according to the climatic conditions and construction details.
Waterproofing Related Applicable Standards and Regulations
Due to the quality of construction in the European Union and Turkey to be effective as of the earthquake threat in this country it seems to be very much standardization in the field of thermal insulation. standard-setting activities related to waterproofing materials in Europe is ongoing. Many of the EU standards regarding waterproofing process continues to be used because the standards are established standards developed in Turkey. EU technical standards in Europe which will be created under legislation compliance waterproofing works were translated verbatim will be published as they are completed by Turkish standards. standards and regulations related to waterproofing are listed below;
TS 11758-1 (05.04.2002): Polymer Bitumen Covers – for waterproofing – Used Incorporating the melting welding – Part 1: Requirements
TS 3599 (13/11/1981)
Leakage Isolation Design and Construction Rules and the Swimming Pool Water Tank
TS 2988 (02/09/1978): Woven Glass Insulation Pulp of asphalted
TS 2999 (02/16/1978): asphalted Metal Foil Insulation of Pulp
TS 2191 (04/30/1976): asphalted Glass Insulation Pulp of Tulle
Waterproofing Related Applicable Rules
TS 3128 (04/13/1990): Soil Moisture in Building Construction Rules for the Kars Things Insulation
TS 3440 (18/05/1982): With Toxic Chemical Effects Water, Soil and Making Rules for Concretes to stay under the Influence of Gas
TS 3647 (13/11/1981): insulation in buildings to be made against the Groundwater Design and Construction Rules
TS 11758-2 (23/12/2003): Polymer Bitumen Covers – for waterproofing – Used Incorporating the melting Source Chapter 2: Implementing Rules
Source: Izoder, General Information, izoder.org.tr